Exercise Programming –
Components Of An Exercise Workout Program Routine-
Fitness Programming Design
Components of a comprehensive exercise program.
Everyone has different goals, restrictions, or limitations that effect what type of exercise program fits them best. However, a comprehensive program that covers many different components of fitness will give you the most optimal program.
A through program should address cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, flexibility, and nueromotor fitness which includes balance, coordination and agility, having proper nutrition, and allowing ample time for rest and recovery. So, let’s look at why each of these are important.
- Cardiorespiratory fitness which is also referred to as aerobic fitness is the ability for the circulatory and respiratory systems to take in oxygen and deliver it to the muscles, and once delivered, how well the muscles are able to absorb and use the oxygen to generate energy. Cardiorespiratory fitness training activities include walking, jogging, sprinting, cycling, swimming, using aerobic machines, and playing sports.
- Muscular fitness which is also referred to as resistance training includes both muscular strength and muscular endurance. Muscular strength is the ability for a muscle, or group of muscles to exert force, and muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle, or group of muscles to continue performing over a duration without fatigue. Muscular fitness training can include using free weights, using machine or cable stacked weights, using loop bands or cords, performing body weight exercises, and performing underwater exercises, basically any movements performed against a resistance.
- Flexibility exercises are the stretching of muscles and tendons to improve joint range of motion, and physical function. Flexibility improvement is done through stretching. There are many types of stretches to improve flexibility with the 2 most popular being static stretches and dynamic stretches. Static stretches consist of slow movements into a peak position, then holding that position. Dynamic stretches is moving parts of the body through a full range of motion, while slowly increasing the reach or speed of the movement.